It’s all well and good to grow healthy tomato seedlings. But deadly tomato transplanting mistakes can cost you the entire crop. Here’s the dirt on the 10 biggest tomato transplanting mistakes to avoid.
Even if it’s past your last frost date, check the 10-day weather projections. Cold evenings or a series of rainy days are not good for newly-planted tomatoes.
Overwatered seedling root systems have a tendency to break. Moisten soil only lightly before planting tomatoes, but be sure not to overwater. Then carefully remove seedlings from cups or cells.
Heavily-moistened soil will fall away from roots, damaging them. If a plant is root-bound, gently work to loosen the ball and spread roots out.
As you plant, remember that this is your last chance to get the soil right for your tomatoes this season. Ask yourself ...
Did you test your soil? (Amend accordingly.) Is it too heavy? (Add some sand.) Is it too wet? (Wait for a few rain-free days before planting.) A fresh application of compost is always a welcome treat for new tomato plants.
The first few inches of the soil are warmer than those below. When plants are first set out, help them keep their feet warm. Dig a shallow trench and allow lower part of stem to lie horizontally. Let the top of the plant remain exposed above ground, but don’t force it upward. The buried stem will develop roots and the rest of the plant will naturally grow vertically towards the light.
Avoid leggy plants by pinching off the seedling’s lowest branches and burying a good part of the stem below the soil.
You can burn out new plants with too much food. Use just a small amount of fertilizer (if any) when planting.
Try to plant when the weather is overcast. You make a mistake if you don’t provide shade for them during their first few days in their new home. Adjusting to the garden is serious business for your tomato plants.
Newly-transplanted tomato seedlings need regular watering in order to adjust to transplant shock. Water them daily for a week. (Drip hoses are a good solution.)
Beware that cutworms love to snack on new tomato plants. Place collars or sticks around tomato stems where they meet the soil to keep those nasty pests at bay. (Learn more about tomato cut worms.) If you’ve been hardening off plants outside, your tomatoes may have already attracted aphids. Check undersides of leaves carefully and treat accordingly.
If you wait to stake tomatoes until they need it (several weeks into the season), you will damage the root system as you press cages, ladders, trellising, or poles into the soil. Stake tomatoes soon after setting them out in the garden.
More on planting tomatoes
Planting tomatoes: top tips to help your crop succeed ...
Preparing your soil for planting tomatoes ...
Planting tomato plants: FAQS ...
Protecting tomato plants from frost and freezing ...
Watering tomatoes when planting and just afterwards ...
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